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Greece Gives Divers Access to 91 Ship and Plane Wrecks

A German Arado 196 aircraft located in the bay of Irakleia, at a depth of 11 meters. It was shot down during World War II. Photo source: Culture Ministry

A German Arado 196 aircraft located in the bay of Irakleia, at a depth of 11 meters. It was shot down during World War II. Photo source: Culture Ministry

The Greek Culture Ministry under the guidance of the Central Council for Modern Monuments is allowing access to 91 ship and plane wrecks across the country to recreational divers.

Based on a decision by the council, the 91 ship and plane ruins are the first in a series of wrecks to be open to divers for recreational purposes, the ministry said.

The wrecks selected by the Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities date back to the 1868-1970 period, mostly occurring during World War II and are located at a depth of up to 120 meters.

Bristol Beaufighter, Naxos. The warplane was shot down in November 1943 after a dogfight with two German Arado 196 aircraft. It sank half a mile off Cape Kouroupas, on the west coast of Naxos, at a depth of 34 meters. Photo source: Culture Ministry

Bristol Beaufighter, Naxos. The warplane was shot down in November 1943 after a dogfight with two German Arado 196 aircraft. It sank half a mile off Cape Kouroupas, on the west coast of Naxos, at a depth of 34 meters. Photo source: Culture Ministry

Research and data collection is being carried out on a number of the shipwrecks, which include sunken war planes and ships in Attica, the South and North Aegean regions, Crete, Central Macedonia, the Ionian Islands Region, Western and Central Greece, Epirus, the Peloponnese, and Thessaly.

Photo source: Culture Ministry

Photo source: Culture Ministry

Developing diving tourism is a key priority for the Greek government, which passed a relevant bill last year that simplifies licensing procedures for the creation of diving and marine parks and makes underwater antiquities and shipwrecks visitable for the first time through public-private partnerships.

Photo source: Culture Ministry

Photo source: Culture Ministry

In this direction, the Kynouria Province plans to create a diving park  in the eastern Peloponnese. A previous joint ministerial decision also approved the creation of a 1,704m2 diving park near the coastal town of Tyros, to be the country’s first such park.

An unknown merchant ship which sank in 1942 in the waters of the Proti islet, off Messinia in the Peloponnese. Photo source: Culture Ministry

An unknown merchant ship which sank in 1942 in the waters of the Proti islet, off Messinia in the Peloponnese. Photo source: Culture Ministry

According to Culture Minister Lina Mendoni, Greece’s protected underwater areas tell tales of modern Greek history and at the same time show a strong growth potential, as underwater tours are a special, extremely interesting form of tourism that attracts high level visitors and income.

“The inauguration of the underwater museum off the islet of Peristera near Alonissos last August and the international promotion it attracted, proves the international interest that has developed for diving tourism and the prospects that it opens,” Mendoni said.

Alonissos Underwater Museum. Photo Source: Culture Ministry

The culture minister highlighted that the combination of diving parks with the underwater areas that host and protect historic shipwrecks is a great advantage for Greece.

“We must make use of it, as it adds value to tourism and creates conditions for sustainable development of local communities,” she said.

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